Implantology has been officially recognized as a form of treatment since 1982. Tooth implants are artificial tooth roots; they mostly have a screw-shaped or cylindrical design. They are implanted into the jaw bones as a replacement for lost tooth roots. Here one can see an implant within a sterile package – the glass bottle . With the help of a conversion rod, the implant is removed using an insertion instrument. The animation illustrates the insertion instrument, conversion rod, and implant. After positioning, the conversion rod is separated from the implant, which remains in the bone.
There are various implant systems available. However, differences between the various systems available in the market are meaningless to the patient because all these systems are very well developed after decades of competition. Scientific studies over the last 25 years have demonstrated that implants have a very high success rate. Ten years after a successful healing process, over 90% implants are still in use and functioning. By comparison, after 10 years, conventional bridges have a success rate of about 80%. If a tooth rescue is attempted by filling the root, and if it is not performed by an Endodontist, the success rate goes down to 50% after 10 years. These numbers clearly demonstrate that implants are superior to conventional dentures, especially in terms of longevity.
Despite all these developments, some patients are still unsure about getting a tooth implant because they have heard or read about allergies caused by titanium tooth implants. Respectable specialist literature does not recognize titanium allergies. Therefore, the statement “I cannot tolerate implants” is untrue, even though some patients do suffer the loss of an implant. So why does this false belief in titanium allergy exist among the masses? In the early days of implantology practitioners weren’t aware of the importance of a thorough clean up of the mouth. What does thorough clean up mean? Wherever there’s caries it needs to be treated. Any periodontitis should be eliminated, loose fillings and/or crowns should be changed. Nor should there be any type of infection – such as one cause by an incomplete root-canal treatment – present. Only when the mouth is completely free of any inflammation, an implantation should be performed, as that is the only way to good results! Implantology is a very lucrative branch within the dental industry and for this reason implants were often resorted to quickly and less lucrative more basic treatments were avoided. This is why implants have been placed in contraindicated patients in the past. Such false indicators can frequently lead to implant loss after weeks, months, or even years. Frequently the patient was then told: “you do not tolerate titanium.” This is how the idea of titanium allergy emerged. Medicine has studied this and we now recognise the necessity of a thorough and extensive clean up and now the loss of an implant has become a rarity. Implants are a reliable and proven solution, so long as the correct indicators are used.
Despite appropriate planning and execution, an implant can occasionally fail to heal appropriately and can require removal at some stage. While this is disappointing, it is very rare and does not lead to any significant physical damage. The ensuing bone defect is sealed by new bone formation. A new implant is possible if desired by the patient. A conventional denture is also possible after the loss of an implant. See more on Dental Implant Video.dental Implant