Denta Beauté - all types of health insurance accepted | 1190 Wien, Billrothstraße 12 | Phone:+43 1 369 66 25

Myoarthropathy

    https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/a-en/
  • A
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/b-en/
  • B
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/c-en/
  • C
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/d-en/
  • D
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/e-en/
  • E
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/f-en/
  • F
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/g-en/
  • G
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/h-en/
  • H
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/i-en/
  • I
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/j/
  • J
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/k-en/
  • K
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/l-en/
  • L
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/m-en/
  • M
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/n-en/
  • N
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/o-en/
  • O
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/p-en/
  • P
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/r-en/
  • R
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/s-en/
  • S
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/t-en/
  • T
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/u-en/
  • U
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/v-en/
  • V
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/w-en/
  • W
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/x-en/
  • X
  • https://www.denta-beaute.com/en/dentallexikon-category/z-en/
  • Z

Myoarthropathy is derived from the Greek words myo, which means muscle, arthro, which means joint, and pathos, which means suffering. Therefore, myoarthropathy of the chewing system refers to a condition in which individuals suffer from discomfort in the chewing muscles and/or the jaw joint. Unfortunately, the term craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD) is still frequently used for pain in the jaws, jaw joints, and facial area. This term is unclear because it is undefined. In the medical field, it is common for two diagnoses to coexist for the same disease. This mirrors medical developments, which have shifted from a purely subjective to evidence-based therapy.
The term myoarthropathy (MAP) is clearly defined. The patient is treated for exactly what he is suffering from, whether it is pain and/or limited functionality such as reduced mouth opening. In other words, doctors who use the term MAP to describe pain in the jaws, jaw joints, and facial area support the opinion that many symptoms, such as jaw joint cracking, lifelong restriction of mouth opening, jaw deviation during mouth opening (deflexion), and many more, simply represent normal variations as long as the patient does not experience any discomfort or pain. In such cases, treatment is not necessary.
In contrast, doctors who use the term CMD frequently treat symptoms but not the actual causes of these symptoms, and treatment often consists of inconsistent therapy concepts. The graphic should help in justifying the above explanations. The area requiring treatment (red) is significantly small if MAP is considered. Moreover, diagnostic and treatment indicators are first and foremost determined by the patient rather than the treating professional as far as MAP is concerned. MAP sums up muscle and jaw joint problems as well as combinations thereof.
Therefore, the doctor has to differentiate between these three options and initiate the most appropriate treatment for patients suffering from pain and/or sudden restriction of mouth opening. Through a combination of special questionnaires and clinical examinations, the doctor can easily pinpoint the correct diagnosis. The questionnaires help the doctor to differentiate between depression, nonspecific physical symptoms, bite problems, and chewing muscle issues. Imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging, are seldom necessary. Unfortunately, these are often needlessly performed. Treatment depends on the respective diagnosis. However, one principle should always be considered. Because our jaw joint is very adaptable, any irreversible measures, such as the fitting of a new prosthesis, should be avoided in MAP therapy. For example, during the acute phase of jaw joint pain, a so-called Michigan splint is completely sufficient because the body is capable of regulating many changes in the chewing apparatus on its own. These restructuring processes only take a little bit of time, and a splint can help to bridge this time span.

Myoarthropathy